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Population migration

  


Migration of the population in the country in different periods of time in the history was happened due to the socio-political and economic factors. At the beginning of the XIX century (1828) when Azerbaijan had become a part of Russia, first, Armenians (especially in Karabakh) immigrated here in the second half of the first century, and then Russian to Mugan, Gedebey, the Upper Shirvan-Absheron areas. At the end of the nineteenth century and in the early twentieth century in connection with the development of the oil industry, the representatives of various nations from many regions of the world came here. 
During the Second World War, the Russian, Ukraine, Belarus and other nations, which were shifted here from the war-affected areas of the former USSR had been a part of our republic. Since 60-70 years of the twentieth century, the population of Azerbaijan migrated to Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Central Asian republics. For the first time 0,4-40 thousand people every year migrated to the republic of Russia, Moscow, cities of St. Petersburg, Siberia, the Far East and other regions. In 1948-53 more than 150 thousand Azerbaijanis compulsorily shifted from Armeniam from their history of the lands to our republic. 
Since 1988 in connection with deterioration o socio-political situation in the Caucasus  over 190 thousand Azerbaijanis from Armenia, Central Asia (Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan), 25 thousand  Turks found refuge in Azerbaijan. At that time, more than 500 thousand Armenians living in Baku and other regions of the country, as well as some other Russian-speaking part of the population (Russians, Jews) have left the republic. At present, the balance of migration is minus 4-5 thousand people. For the last two centuries over 1.5 million Azerbaijanis driven out of lands in Armenia. 
The main direction of migration within the country is from rural areas to cities. 1/5 of migrating population comes to Baku. Recently, the population of Karabakh and adjacent territories with Armenia and other areas are accommodated particularly in the Absheron peninsula. 

Countries

1990-1995

1996-2000

2001-2006

Incoming

Outgoing

Balance

Incoming

Outgoing

Balance

Incoming

Outgoing

Balance

Russia

85666

205365

-119699

14876

45198

-30322

8133

20001

-11868

Ukraine

11244

31330

-20086

1839

3369

-1530

819

1157

-338

Belarus

1426

5112

-3686

192

629

437

94

570

476

Kazakhstan

9036

6001

+3035

1383

860

+523

535

856

-321

Uzbekistan

17492

3468

+14024

1645

436

+1209

J34

90

+444

Kyrgyzstan

3209

1307

+1902

187

186

+1

75

66

+9

Turkmenistan

3634

3603

+31

969

1608

-639

805

93

+712

Tajikistan

537

268

+269

98

15

+83

48

5

+43

Georgia

20216

4838

+15378

2799

724

+2075

1466

137

+1329

Moldova

390

544

-154

47

48

-1

41

40

+1

Estonia

203

210

-7

36

66

-30

4

4

0

Latvia

713

541

+262

67

11

+56

31

1

+30

Lithuania

295

325

-30

62

23

+39

19

13

+6

Countries were not indicated

60464

70613

-10149

3269

694

+2575

85

0

+85

Total

214525

333435

-118910

27469

53867

-26398

12689

23033

-10344

Other foreign counties

2860

24898\'

-22038

411

45741

4163

294

679

-385

G.Total

217385

358333

-140948

27880

58441

-30561

12983

23712

-10729




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