Home page    » POLICY    » About Politics   

About Politics


Policy came to the Azerbaijani language from the Arabic. Literal meaning from Arabic language is horse training.
Political activity is based on relations between the various social groups, classes and the states. Politics is formed at a certain stage of development of society and developed during formation of forms of production based on private property, social structure and culture. Different social groups create a special administrative apparatus to preserve their own interests. Political power is carried out through various institutional forms, political relations existing in society, political institutions and political ideology.  The first side expresses the relations to political power between human groups. The second side covers the forms of political activity of citizens, political organizations. Third side is a collection of the views, ideas and theories reflecting political activity in the consciousness of people in a systematic way.  

Political Structure of Azerbaijan 
1. Government
1.1. State structure: Azerbaijan is a democratic, legal, secular, unitary republic. State power is based on the principle of separation of powers: legislative power is carried out by the Milli Majlis (Parliament), the executive power belongs to the President, the courts exercise judicial power.
1.2. Legislature: National Assembly, which consists of one chamber, realizes the legislative power. The National Assembly consists of 125 deputies, the term of office of Milli Mejlis is 5 years.
1.3. Executive power:
1.3.1. Head of State: President of the Republic of Azerbaijan is the head of the Azerbaijani state. President is elected based on general, equal and direct suffrage, free, personal and secret ballot  for a period of 5 years. Executive power belongs to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
1.3.2. Head of Government: The President appoints the Prime Minister with the consent of the National Assembly, and he sets the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Azerbaijan for the purpose of implementation of the President\'s executive powers. The Cabinet of Ministers subordinate to the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan and is responsible to him.
1.4. Judicial Power: Judicial power in Azerbaijan is realized only by the courts by justice. Judicial power exercised by the Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, courts of appeals, the general courts and specialized courts.
2. Constitution
As a result of a referendum of November 12, 1995, the new constitution was adopted and came into force on December 5, 1995. The country\'s main law has been prepared in accordance with fundamental principles and norms of international law.

The main directions of domestic policy in the state of Azerbaijan
• Protection of Azerbaijan\'s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity;
• Provision of a democratic system within the framework of the Constitution;
• Achievement of  the establishment of civil society;
• Establishment of legal, secular state based on the rule of law as an expression of the will of the people;
• In accordance with the fair economic and social order, to provide a decent standard of life for all;
As stated in Article 1 of the Constitution, the people of Azerbaijan is the only source of state power in the Republic of AzerbaijanIn accordance with Article 2 of the Constitution self-determination of own destiny in free and independent way and to determine the nation’s governance is a sovereign right of Azerbaijani people. The people of Azerbaijan realizes his sovereign right by the popular vote - the referendum and the general, equal and direct suffrage elections through their elected representatives elected by free, secret and personal ballot.  
According to Article 7 of the Constitution of the Azerbaijan state is democratic, legal, secular, unitary republic. Internal problems of state power in the Republic of Azerbaijan are limited only by state law.
State power in the Republic of Azerbaijan is based on the principle of separation of powers and power is divided into legislative, executive and judicial powers. In accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, the legislative, executive and judicial powers interact and are independent within their powers.
Azerbaijan, being the largest of the state in the South Caucasus in respect of the population, is a democratic, legal, secular, unitary republic.
The number of registered political parties in the country as a whole is 55.

Oxunub: 52788