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Peripatetic Philosophy


In the XIII-XIV centuries, the Peripatetics still had main role in the philosophical thought in the Muslim peoples. Active promoters of Philosophy Ibn Yunus in Mosul, Abdullatif Baghdadi in Baghdad, Shamseddin Hosrovshahi from Damascus played a major role in the preparation of professional philosophers in Eastern countries, including Azerbaijan.
Musa ibn Yunus Kemalleddin (1156-1242) has educated in Mosul from his father. Azerbaijani scientist Mohamed Gibatulla oglu - Ibn Yunus teacher Asiraddina Abhari, Siradzhaddin Urmavi, Nasiradden Tusi and other philosophers of Naturalists of that period  was educated in madrassas Bagdad’s Nizamiyya in Salmas, was engaged in education and scientific work. Learned in the classroom that does not allow religious fanaticism, was attended not only by Muslims but also Christians and Jews. Ibn al-Ibri (1226-1286) notes that Saziri Yaqub from Intaki perfectly owns assurian and Latin, read in Mosul by Ibn Yunus works of Eastern Peripatetics Farabi and Ibn Sina, including works on medicine, mathematics, and in general of natural science.Ibn Yunus is an author of several works on logic, philosophy and mathematics.
In XIII-XIV centuries, the questions of logic, metaphysics and natural science were widely reported in the works Nadzhmeddin Nakhichevan, Afzaladdin Hunadzhi, Siradzhaddin Urmavi, Nasireddin Tusi Safiaddina Urmavi Gindi and others.
Abubakr oglu Nadzhmeddin Ahmed Nakhichevan are prominent in the near and Middle East Azeri philosopher. He educated in the city of Nakhichevan, to master science.
Scientific and philosophical works of Nadzhmeddin Nakhichevani was highly appreciated by the authors of the Middle Ages. He deeply studied the problem of the Peripatetic philosophy, attaching much importance to logic and science. But he was not a consistent aristotels. Despite the fact that the Azeri philosopher was regarded as an active promoter of the Arabic-speaking peripatetism and works its outstanding representative of Ibn Sina, some doctrines he considered critical.
Afzaladdin Mohammed oglu Namavar Hunadzhi (1194-1248) and Mahmoud Abubakr oglu Siradzhaddin Urmavi (1198-1283) are very close to each other because of the way of life taking shape and the socio-political activities. Both the philosopher, holding successively the position of East peripatetism, left valuable writings on logic and natural science, investing great efforts in developing the scientific and philosophical thought.
It is worth noting the merits of the outstanding scientist-encyclopedist, philosopher Nasireddin Muhammad Tusi. His contemporaries and subsequent writers have noted its important role in the development of scientific and philosophical thought of Azerbaijan.
Gutbaddin Shirazi, and Ibn Kammuna Israil highly appreciated and gave valuable comments on the works of Shuhabaddin Suhravardin.

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