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The first philosophical teachings in Azerbaijan


One of the philosophical and mythological teachings widespread in Azerbaijan, was zarvanism. The Avesta, the ancient Pehlevi texts in the Koran, medieval, oriental literary monuments and numerous research works give information about this teaching. In zarvanism time, and often the space is the creator of life. Teaching zarvanism who considered only the real matter was the subject of criticism of his time by virtue of their rejection of God, the immortality of the soul, heaven and hell.

Manichaeism, collecting elements of Zoroastrian, Christian and Buddhist in  itseflf, has acquired a certain influence in the III century in Azerbaijan, Iran and Central Asia. The founder of the dualistic teachings of Mani (216-276) linked to the creation of the world struggle between light and darkness. According to Mani generosity, compassion, joy, harmony, unity - sources of light, evil, sadness, humiliation, injury - indicators darkness.  Manichaeism was teaching, completely contrary to the postulates of the dominant religion and to protest, the struggle of the peasants and the urban population against the feudal operation, its founder, Mani began pursuing the Zoroastrian priests, at the hands of whom died. However, the teaching  of Manichaeism has long existed, and at the end of V century it became a source of ideological mazdakidov.

Although Mazdakism is close to  Manichaeism, it differs with revolutionary optimism and spirit. Its founder Mazdak spread the idea of equality of wealth. People by allowing injustice to one another, now live in conditions of inequality. Therefore, the property should be selected from the rich and give to the poor. Mazdakism ideas were developed in VII ceuntry Khurramis.

Teaching Mags
The teaching of mags, originated in the first half of I millennium BC, plays an important role in the development of philosophical thought in Azerbaijan. It is noteworthy that the mags of the medes priests went down in history not only as philosophers of science and religion, but also as creators of teaching, better known in history as the teaching of the Mags and the science of the mags”. Teaching mags cover different areas of moral culture. Based on the views of mags were developed science reporting period - astronomy, mathematics and medicine. Their intervention in nature and society of the widespread use of their knowledge was seen as a magic spell and magic. In the cultural history of the term mags included followers of Zoroastrianism, and individuals differ in wisdom. In the East at this time, the term pir-i-Mugan used to mean scholar, a teacher, a wise man.

Christianity originated in the second half of the I century also had some influence on the history of thought of Eastern peoples. Christianity was spread in several countries in the Middle East, including in Azerbaijan in the form of Nestorianism and yagubizma.
The founder of the Nestorian faith, Patriarch of Constantinople (428-440) theorizes that there are two substances - the divine and human, which arose through the merger of Christianity and one single nature.
Yaqub Bardan (- 578) and his followers believed in the manifestation of Christianity and human nature in man. However, in the opinion of yagubism the transformation of man into God - not a logical transformation, justifying his validated example of the transformation of coal into the fire, which fire in the coal is not converted. In fact, coal, thrown into the fire, is not no coal, no fire, it is a burning fire.
Christianity was the main religion in the Albanian state, removable later Islam.

Oxunub: 188626