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Primary culture and ideology in Azerbaijan


The concept of Azerbaydzhanskayafilosofiya is the process of formation and evolution of the philosophical heritage of living in Azerbaijan and abroad Azerbaijanis, who are carriers of different religions, languages and cultures. According to current scientific data, the development of philosophical thought in Azerbaijan dates back to IV millennium. Historical cheredatsiya the highest civilization, culture in Azerbaijan since ancient times, crossing are of different religions, languages, ways of life created favorable conditions for the emergence and development of philosophical thought and ideology are the basis of moral culture of the Azerbaijani ethnic group. Geographical location, its natural resources, high urban culture, the presence of permanent linkages with the regions-bearers of various religions and languages have played an important role in the development of philosophical culture of Azerbaijan. With this already in the first half of I millennium BC in the social consciousness of the peoples of the country have philosophical ideas and mythological concepts aimed at understanding the evolution, the beginning and end of life, the relationship between man and the environment, truth, goodness, evil and justice, as well as various ideological currents.
The most valuable written records - Avesta, Pahlavi texts, the writings of Greek philosophers and historians of medieval written records, archaeological excavations in the country, research the history of language and oral literature and etc. create opportunities for studying the phases of the development of philosophical thought and culture in Azerbaijan. The evolution of philosophical outlook was associated with manifestations of the human relationship to nature as fetishism, totems, totemism, spirit, deity, etc. These ideas and teachings are reflected in the various cults and magic rituals to protect themselves from the human environment. Modern science says widespread in Azerbaijan in the I millennium BC zarvaniystva, Zoroastrianism and the teachings of magicians (mugov).
Destruction of written records in the Middle Ages as a result of fires, wars, political and religious conflict poses serious problems in its study of issues of philosophical thought, culture and worldview. Despite this, the data obtained allow to state the following: methods of production and interpretation of the philosophical problems of ancient and early medieval period, the mention of philosophical categories - existence, beginning, end, matter, spirit, desire, time, space, truth, justice, good and evil, their relationship to characterize the philosophy of Azerbaijan as an integral part of the world philosophy of the ancient world. This conclusion is also supported by the ancient Greek philosophers, historians, and the sources of the Middle Ages and the new period. Existing in antiquity and early medieval representations, and theoretical considerations about the structure of the world atomoobraznom, contradiction and unity of the tangible and intangible, of good and evil, light and darkness, the identification of God with the light and reality, the assessment of intelligence, socially just and happy society utopisticheskom were ideological base formation and development of philosophical thought in Azerbaijan.

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