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The Islamic religion and ideological trends, teaching


In the VII-X centuries, penetration and strengthening of Islam in the territory of Azerbaijan, country\'s active involvement in the area of Islamic culture contributed to the development of philosophical thought of Azerbaijan in the period when a multi-faceted relationship with the Islamic religion. From the confluence of time beginning in Azerbaijan widely spread many ideological currents, based on different interpretations of the holy book of Koran. Representatives of the various trends that have found supporters in Azerbaijan. Thinkers tried to justify their philosophical and theoretical views with reference to the verses of the Koran. This trend was typical for such flows in the region, as Ismailism, Sufism, etc. The central theme in the Quran and the many ideological currents - a relationship between Khalig (Allah) and his creation (man). Depending on the interpretation of these relationships established ideology (philosophy) the direction of various exercises (idealistic, monotheistic, dualistic, pantheistic or materialistic). Unorthodox flow gave an esoteric interpretation of issues such as the idea of God, in reality, the return of man to God and to meet him, astral events, the relation to consciousness, Divine light, the approval of the punishment, fear of Allah, the attitude to material values, etc. In some cases, promoted pantheistic philosophy of \'Wahdat al-vudzhut. In view of the spread of many ideological views in Azerbaijan received wide development is full of contradictions and moral ideology of cultural space.
VII-VIII century, characterized by the development of theological philosophy. The philosophical interpretation of Islam has become the direct responsibility of the theologians. Despite this, during the execution of this duty, there was also the divergence of positions.
During this period, among orthodox scientists (fagih) enjoyed a special reputation Ahmad ibn Harun Bardidzhi, Mecca, Ibn Ahmed Bardan, Musa ibn Imran Salmas and others. Prominent representatives of the current motazili in Azerbaijan is characterized by rationality and freedom of thought, have been living in the IX century, prominent scientists, theologians, Jafar Hamadani Baghdadi, Abubakr Muhammad ibn Abdullah ibn Umar Bardan, Abusaid Bardan Ahmed and others. During this period, the Islamic cultural space there was a kind of philosophy batinizm, based on Eastern and Greek philosophy, particularly Neoplatonism, and embodies the idealism and pantheism. This is a philosophical doctrine spread by missionaries in Azerbaijan batinizma Abul Gasim Ali ibn Ja\'far and others.
In VIII-X centuries in the Islamic world, including in Azerbaijan were the primary stage of mystical socio-cultural currents Ismailism and Sufism, characterized by internal contradictions, but in most cases, a pantheistic philosophical approach, democracy, humanism, social, ethical views and a dialectical approach to being. The basis of philosophical Sufism as a philosophical category was love, and Ismaili - the unity of the real and the surreal consciousness. Representatives of the Sufi Abul Abul Faraj Tabrizi Varasani Wahid, Abu Saeb Hamadani, Ali ibn Abdulaziz Bardan, Baba Kuhi Bakuvi and others. Medieval sources contained information relating to attempts to Ismailis, the ideological roots of which are associated with ancient Eastern and Greek philosophy, to restore the supremacy of Zoroastrianism by rejection of Islam. On the propagation of Ismaili write in Azerbaijan Nizami, the historian of the current feed and others. According to sources, the Ismaili philosophy associated with the achievements of science and the creation of the encyclopedia Ikhwan al-Safa”, was the ideologist Azerbaijani scientist and philosopher Abul Ali Harun oglu Zanjani. 

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